ARTICLE VI. OFFENSES CONCERNING WEAPONS AND FIREARMS

Section 215.240.  Definitions.

The following words, when used in this Article shall have the meanings set out herein: 

ANTIQUE, CURIO OR RELIC FIREARM — Any firearm so defined by the National Gun Control Act, 18 U.S.C. Title 26, Section 5845, and the United States Treasury/Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms, 27 CFR Section 178.11:  

1.      Antique firearm is any firearm not designed or redesigned for using rim fire or conventional center fire ignition with fixed ammunition and manufactured in or before 1898, said ammunition not being manufactured any longer; this includes any matchlock, wheel lock, flintlock, percussion cap or similar type ignition system, or replica thereof.  

2.      Curio or relic firearm is any firearm deriving value as a collectible weapon due to its unique design, ignition system, operation or at least fifty (50) years old, associated with a historical event, renown personage or major war.    

BLACKJACK — Any instrument that is designed or adapted for the purpose of stunning or inflicting physical injury by striking a person, and which is readily capable of lethal use.  

CONCEALABLE FIREARM — Any firearm with a barrel less than sixteen (16) inches in length, measured from the face of the bolt or standing breech.  

DEFACE — To alter or destroy the manufacturer's or importer's serial number or any other distinguishing number or identification mark.  

EXPLOSIVE WEAPON — Any explosive, incendiary, or poison gas bomb or similar device designed or adapted for the purpose of inflicting death, serious physical injury, or substantial property damage; or any device designed or adapted for delivering or shooting such a weapon.  

FIREARM — Any weapon that is designed or adapted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive.  

FIREARM SILENCER — Any instrument, attachment, or appliance that is designed or adapted to muffle the noise made by the firing of any firearm.  

GAS GUN — Any gas ejection device, weapon, cartridge, container or contrivance other than a gas bomb, that is designed or adapted for the purpose of ejecting any poison gas that will cause death or serious physical injury, but not any device that ejects a repellant or temporary incapacitating substance.  

INTOXICATED — Substantially impaired mental or physical capacity resulting from introduction of any substance into the body.  

KNIFE — Any dagger, dirk, stiletto, or bladed hand instrument that is readily capable of inflicting serious physical injury or death by cutting or stabbing a person. For purposes of this Article, "knife" does not include any ordinary pocketknife with no blade more than four (4) inches in length.  

KNUCKLES — Any instrument that consists of finger rings or guards made of a hard substance that is designed or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious physical injury or death by striking a person with a fist enclosed in the knuckles.  

MACHINE GUN — Any firearm that is capable of firing more than one (1) shot automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.  

PROJECTILE WEAPON — Any bow, crossbow, pellet gun, slingshot or other weapon that is not a firearm, which is capable of expelling a projectile that could inflict serious physical injury or death by striking or piercing a person.  

RIFLE — Any firearm designed or adapted to be fired from the shoulder and to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed metallic cartridge to fire a projectile through a rifled bore by a single function of the trigger.  

SHORT BARREL — A barrel length of less than sixteen (16) inches for a rifle and eighteen (18) inches for a shotgun, both measured from the face of the bolt or standing breech, or an overall rifle or shotgun length of less than twenty-six (26) inches.  

SHOTGUN — Any firearm designed or adapted to be fired from the shoulder and to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed shotgun shell to fire a number of shot or a single projectile through a smooth bore barrel by a single function of the trigger.  

SPRING GUN — Any fused, timed or non-manually controlled trap or device designed or adapted to set off an explosion for the purpose of inflicting serious physical injury or death.  

SWITCHBLADE KNIFE — Any knife which has a blade that folds or closes into the handle or sheath, and  

1.      That opens automatically by pressure applied to a button or other device located on the handle; or  

2.      That opens or releases from the handle or sheath by the force of gravity or by the application of centrifugal force.    

Section 215.250.  Weapons — Carrying Concealed — Other Unlawful Use. [1] 

A.     A person commits the offense of unlawful use of weapons if he/she knowingly: 

1.      Carries concealed upon or about his/her person a knife, a firearm, a blackjack or any other weapon readily capable of lethal use; 

2.      Discharges or shoots a firearm within the City limits; 

3.      Exhibits, in the presence of one or more persons, any weapon readily capable of lethal use in an angry or threatening manner; 

4.      Possesses a firearm or projectile weapon while intoxicated; 

5.      Carries a firearm or any other weapon readily capable of lethal use into any church or place where people have assembled for worship, or into any election precinct on any election day, or into any building owned or occupied by any agency of the Federal Government, State Government, or political subdivision thereof; or 

6.      Carries a firearm, whether loaded or unloaded, or any other weapon readily capable of lethal use into any school, onto any school bus, or onto the premises of any function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials or the district school board.   

B.     Subparagraphs (1), (2), (3), (5) and (6) of Subsection (A) of this Section shall not apply to or affect any of the following: 

1.      All State, County and Municipal Peace Officers who have completed the training required by the Police Officer Standards and Training Commission pursuant to Sections 590.030 to 590.050, RSMo., and possessing the duty and power of arrest for violation of the general criminal laws of the State or for violation of ordinances of Counties or Municipalities of the State, whether such officers are on or off duty, and whether such officers are within or outside of the law enforcement agency's jurisdiction, or any person summoned by such officers to assist in making arrests or preserving the peace while actually engaged in assisting such officer; 

2.      Wardens, superintendents and keepers of prisons, penitentiaries, jails and other institutions for the detention of persons accused or convicted of crime; 

3.      Members of the Armed Forces or National Guard while performing their official duty; 

4.      Those persons vested by Article V, Section 1 of the Constitution of Missouri with the judicial power of the State and those persons vested by Article III of the Constitution of the United States with the judicial power of the United States, the members of the Federal judiciary; 

5.      Any person whose bona fide duty is to execute process, civil or criminal; 

6.      Any Federal Probation Officer; 

7.      Any State Probation or Parole Officer, including supervisors and members of the Board of Probation and Parole; 

8.      Any corporate security advisor meeting the definition and fulfilling the requirements of the regulations established by the Board of Police Commissioners under Section 84.340, RSMo.; 

9.      Any coroner, deputy coroner, medical examiner, or assistant medical examiner; and 

10.    The discharge of firearms in connection with any turkey shoots or other charitable event authorized by the Board of Aldermen.   

C.     Subparagraphs (1), (4), (5) and (6) of Subsection (A) of this Section do not apply when the actor is transporting such weapons in a non-functioning state or in an unloaded state when ammunition is not readily accessible or when such weapons are not readily accessible. Subparagraph (1) of Subsection (A) of this Section does not apply to any person twenty-one (21) years of age or older transporting a concealable firearm in the passenger compartment of a motor vehicle, so long as such concealable firearm is otherwise lawfully possessed, nor when the actor is also in possession of an exposed firearm or projectile weapon for the lawful pursuit of game, or is in his/her dwelling unit or upon premises over which the actor has possession, authority or control, or is traveling in a continuous journey peaceably through this State. Subparagraph (6) of Subsection (A) of this Section does not apply if the firearm is otherwise lawfully possessed by a person while traversing school premises for the purposes of transporting a student to or from school, or possessed by an adult for the purposes of facilitation of a school-sanctioned firearm-related event. 

D.     Subparagraphs (1), (5) and (6) of Subsection (A) of this Section shall not apply to any person who has a valid concealed carry endorsement issued pursuant to Sections 571.101 to 571.121, RSMo., or a valid permit or endorsement to carry concealed firearms issued by another State or political subdivision of another State. 

E.      Subparagraphs (2), (3), (4), (5) and (6) of Subsection (A) of this Section shall not apply to persons who are engaged in a lawful act of defense pursuant to Section 563.031, RSMo. 

F.      Nothing in this Section shall make it unlawful for a student to actually participate in school-sanctioned gun safety courses, student military or ROTC courses, or other school-sponsored firearm-related events, provided the student does not carry a firearm or other weapon readily capable of lethal use into any school, onto any school bus, or onto the premises of any other function or activity sponsored or sanctioned by school officials or the district school board.   

Section 215.260.  Defacing Firearm — Possession of a Defaced Firearm. 

A.     It shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly deface a firearm. 

B.     It shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly be in possession of a firearm which has been defaced.   

Section 215.270.  Unlawful Transfer of Weapons — Penalty. 

A.     A person commits the offense of unlawful transfer of weapons if he/she: 

1.      Knowingly sells, leases, loans, gives away or delivers a blackjack to a person less than eighteen (18) years old without the consent of the child's custodial parent or guardian or recklessly, as defined in Section 562.016, RSMo., sells, leases, loans, gives away or delivers any firearm to a person less than eighteen (18) years old without the consent of the child's custodial parent or guardian; provided that this does not prohibit the delivery of such weapons to any Peace Officer or member of the Armed Forces or National Guard while performing his/her official duty; or 

2.      Recklessly, as defined in Section 562.016, RSMo., sells, leases, loans, gives away or delivers a firearm or ammunition for a firearm to a person who is intoxicated.     

Section 215.280.  Endorsement Does Not Authorize Concealed Firearms, Where — Penalty for Violation. 

A.     A concealed carry endorsement issued pursuant to Sections 571.101 to 571.121 RSMo., or a concealed carry endorsement or permit issued by another State or political subdivision of another State shall authorize the person in whose name the permit or endorsement is issued to carry concealed firearms on or about his/her person or vehicle throughout the State. No driver's license or non-driver's license containing a concealed carry endorsement issued pursuant to Sections 571.101 to 571.121 RSMo., or a concealed carry endorsement or permit issued by another State or political subdivision of another State shall authorize any person to carry concealed firearms into: 

1.      Any Police, Sheriff, or highway patrol office or station without the consent of the chief law enforcement officer in charge of that office or station. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of the office or station shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

2.      Within twenty-five (25) feet of any polling place on any election day. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of the polling place shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

3.      The facility of any adult or juvenile detention or correctional institution, prison or jail. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of any adult, juvenile detention, or correctional institution, prison or jail shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

4.      Any courthouse solely occupied by the Circuit, Appellate or Supreme Court, or any courtrooms, administrative offices, libraries or other rooms of any such court whether or not such court solely occupies the building in question. This Subdivision shall also include, but not be limited to, any juvenile, family, drug, or other court offices, any room or office wherein any of the courts or offices listed in this Subdivision are temporarily conducting any business within the jurisdiction of such courts or offices, and such other locations in such manner as may be specified by Supreme Court Rule pursuant to Subdivision (6) of this Subsection. Nothing in this Subdivision shall preclude those persons listed in Subsection(B)(1) of Section 215.250 while within their jurisdiction and on duty, those persons listed in Subsections (B)(2) and (3) of Section 215.250, or such other persons who serve in a law enforcement capacity for a court as may be specified by Supreme Court Rule pursuant to Subdivision (6) of this Subsection from carrying a concealed firearm within any of the areas described in this Subdivision. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of any of the areas listed in this Subdivision shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

5.      Any meeting of the governing body of a unit of local government; or any meeting of the general assembly or a committee of the general assembly, except that nothing in this Subdivision shall preclude a member of the body holding a valid concealed carry endorsement from carrying a concealed firearm at a meeting of the body which he/she is a member. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

6.      The general assembly, Supreme Court, County or municipality may by rule, administrative regulation, or ordinance prohibit or limit the carrying of concealed firearms by endorsement holders in that portion of a building owned, leased or controlled by that unit of government. Any portion of a building in which the carrying of concealed firearms is prohibited or limited shall be clearly identified by signs posted at the entrance to the restricted area. The Statute, rule or ordinance shall exempt any building used for public housing by private persons, highways or rest areas, firing ranges, and private dwellings owned, leased, or controlled by that unit of government from any restriction on the carrying or possession of a firearm. The Statute, rule or ordinance shall not specify any criminal penalty for its violation but may specify that persons violating the Statute, rule or ordinance may be denied entrance to the building, ordered to leave the building and if employees of the unit of government, be subjected to disciplinary measures for violation of the provisions of the Statute, rule or ordinance. The provisions of this Subdivision shall not apply to any other unit of government. 

7.      Any establishment licensed to dispense intoxicating liquor or non-intoxicating beer for consumption on the premises, which portion is primarily devoted to that purpose, without the consent of the owner or manager. The provisions of this Subdivision shall not apply to the licensee of said establishment. The provisions of this Subdivision shall not apply to any bona fide restaurant open to the general public having dining facilities for not less than fifty (50) persons and that receives at least fifty-one percent (51%) of its gross annual income from the dining facilities by the sale of food. This Subdivision does not prohibit the possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of the establishment and shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. Nothing in this Subdivision authorizes any individual who has been issued a concealed carry endorsement to possess any firearm while intoxicated. 

8.      Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of the airport shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

9.      Any place where the carrying of a firearm is prohibited by Federal law. 

10.    Any higher education institution or elementary or secondary school facility without the consent of the governing body of the higher education institution or a school official or the district school board. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of any higher education institution or elementary or secondary school facility shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

11.    Any portion of a building used as a child-care facility without the consent of the manager. Nothing in this Subdivision shall prevent the operator of a child-care facility in a family home from owning or possessing a firearm or a driver's license or non-driver's license containing a concealed carry endorsement. 

12.    Any riverboat gambling operation accessible by the public without the consent of the owner or manager pursuant to rules promulgated by the gaming commission. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of a riverboat gambling operation shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

13.    Any gated area of an amusement park. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of the amusement park shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

14.    Any church or other place of religious worship without the consent of the minister or person or persons representing the religious organization that exercises control over the place of religious worship. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

15.    Any private property whose owner has posted the premises as being off-limits to concealed firearms by means of one (1) or more signs displayed in a conspicuous place of a minimum size of eleven (11) inches by fourteen (14) inches with the writing thereon in letters of not less than one (1) inch. The owner, business or commercial lessee, manager of a private business enterprise, or any other organization, entity, or person may prohibit persons holding a concealed carry endorsement from carrying concealed firearms on the premises and may prohibit employees, not authorized by the employer, holding a concealed carry endorsement from carrying concealed firearms on the property of the employer. If the building or the premises are open to the public, the employer of the business enterprise shall post signs on or about the premises if carrying a concealed firearm is prohibited. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. An employer may prohibit employees or other persons holding a concealed carry endorsement from carrying a concealed firearm in vehicles owned by the employer. 

16.    Any sports arena or stadium with a seating capacity of five thousand (5,000) or more. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

17.    Any hospital accessible by the public. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises of a hospital shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. 

18.    Any City park, pavilion, or community building, or during any activity or event, whether or not such activity or event is sponsored by the City, where the activity or event takes place using part or all of the City park, pavilion, or community building. Possession of a firearm in a vehicle on the premises shall not be a criminal offense so long as the firearm is not removed from the vehicle or brandished while the vehicle is on the premises. [Ord. No. 488, 8-24-2015]   

B.     Carrying of a concealed firearm in a location specified in Subdivisions (1) to (17) of Subsection (A) of this Section by any individual who holds a concealed carry endorsement issued pursuant to Sections 571.101 to 571.121 RSMo., shall not be a criminal act but may subject the person to denial to the premises or removal from the premises. If such person refuses to leave the premises and a Peace Officer is summoned, such person may be issued a citation for an amount not to exceed one hundred ($100.00) dollars for the first offense. If a second citation for a similar violation occurs within a six (6) month period, such person shall be fined an amount not to exceed two hundred ($200.00) dollars and his/her endorsement to carry concealed firearms shall be suspended for a period of one (1) year. If a third citation for a similar violation is issued within one (1) year of the first citation, such person shall be fined an amount not to exceed five hundred ($500.00) dollars and shall have his/her concealed carry endorsement revoked and such person shall not be eligible for a concealed carry endorsement for a period of three (3) years. Upon conviction of charges arising from a citation issued pursuant to this Subsection, the court shall notify the Sheriff of the County which issued the certificate of qualification for a concealed carry endorsement and the Department of Revenue. The Sheriff shall suspend or revoke the certificate of qualification for a concealed carry endorsement and the Department of Revenue shall issue a notice of such suspension or revocation of the concealed carry endorsement and take action to remove the concealed carry endorsement from the individual's driving record. The Director of Revenue shall notify the licensee that he/she must apply for a new license pursuant to Chapter 302, RSMo., which does not contain such endorsement. A concealed carry endorsement suspension pursuant to Sections 571.101 to 571.121 RSMo., shall be reinstated at the time of the renewal of his/her driver's license. The notice issued by the Department of Revenue shall be mailed to the last known address shown on the individual's driving record. The notice is deemed received three (3) days after mailing.   

Section 215.285.  Discharging Air Gun, Etc.

Any person within the limits of this City who shall discharge any BB gun, spring gun, paint gun or air gun or shall shoot any pebble, bullet, slug, arrow or other hard substance by means of a sling, crossbow, rubber band or bow or any other means shall be deemed guilty of an ordinance violation.  


[1].  Note — Under certain circumstances this offense can be a felony under state law. 

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